近日国产新一代122毫米车载榴弹炮亮相训练场,标志国产122毫米车载榴弹炮已经实现升级换代,提高了合成旅战场火力打击能力。

Recently, a new generation of domestic 122-mm car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car

  传统牵引式火炮在现代战场上生存能力急剧降低,而履带式自行火炮价格又非常昂贵,所以新世纪各种卡车炮大行其道。根据这个发展趋势,中国相关单位也研制了09式122毫米车载榴弹炮。它是将国产122毫米榴弹炮安装在SX2150越野卡车上面,配备给合成旅炮兵营,是合成旅主要战场支援火力。

Traditional tractor-propelled artillery has drastically reduced its ability to survive in modern battlefields, while crawler self-propelled artillery is very expensive. According to this development trend, the relevant units in China have also developed 09-type 122-mm vehicle-mounted howitzers. It is the home-made 122-mm howitzer installed on top of the SX2150 cross-country truck, equipped to the synthetic brigade artillery barracks, is the main synthetic brigade battlefield support fire.

  从实用经验来看,09式122毫米车载榴弹炮具备结构简单、操纵方便、使用成本低等优点,并且火炮和底盘都是陆军大量装备的型号,后勤保障也非常方便。在中外联演之中,09式车载榴弹炮发挥出色。09式车载榴弹炮曾经与外军火炮同场竞争技,射击命令下达之后,09式车载榴弹炮迅速射击,撤离阵地,而外军火炮第一发炮弹还没有出膛。

From the practical experience, the 09 type 122-mm vehicle-borne howitzer has the advantages of simple structure, convenient operation and low cost, and the artillery and chassis are the model of the army's large equipment, and the logistic support is also very convenient. In the Chinese and foreign joint performance, the 09 model car carrying howitzers play well. The 09-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-can-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car-car

  不过09式车载榴弹炮毕竟是国产第一代车载火炮,许多设计还有待完善。例如它只是简单将火炮装在车上,没有从整体上考虑火炮与底盘结合,火炮射击对于底盘影响较大,降低射击精度。还有就是火炮信息化、自动化程度也需要进一步加强。SX2150越野车作为国产一代经典车型也到了功成身退的时候,在这种情况下,相关单位研制了新一代122毫米车载榴弹炮,用来替代09式车载榴弹炮。

However, the 09-car-mounted howitzer is after all the first generation of domestic vehicle-mounted artillery, many designs have yet to be improved. For example, it simply mounts the gun on the car, without considering the combination of the gun and the chassis as a whole, and the artillery firing has a great influence on the chassis and reduces the shooting accuracy. There are also artillery information, automation also need to be further strengthened. The SX2150 SUV as a domestic generation of classic models also to the time of success, in this case, the relevant units developed a new generation of 122-mm car-borne howitzers to replace the 09 car-borne howitzers.

  根据相关图片,可以看到国产新一代122毫米车载榴弹炮保留了96式122毫米榴弹炮火力系统,从战术技术指标上来讲,96式122毫米榴弹炮仍然能够满足使用要求,暂时不需要升级换代。当然它增加了射击精确制导炮弹能力,例如国产激光制导炮弹、卫星制导炮弹、末敏弹等等,以提高火炮精确打击能力。国产新一代122毫米车载榴弹炮的火力系统虽然没有更新,但是底盘进行了升级,采用了新一代4*4驱动轻型化底盘,相比较6*6驱动的SX2150越野车,新的底盘体积更小,重量更轻,更适合远程投送,战役/战略机动性能更好。122毫米车载榴弹炮主要装备陆军轻型合成旅,执行机动作战任务,对于战役/战略机动性能要求提高。

According to the relevant pictures, it can be seen that the new generation of domestic 122-mm vehicle-borne howitzers retain the 96-type 122-mm howitzer firepower system, in terms of tactical and technical indicators, the 96-type 122-mm howitzer can still meet the requirements of use, no need to upgrade for the time being. It certainly increases the ability to shoot precision-guided projectiles, such as home-made laser-guided projectiles, satellite-guided projectiles, end-sensitive projectiles, and so on, to improve the precision strike capability of the artillery. Although the firepower system of the new 122-mm car-mounted artillery was not updated, the chassis was upgraded, using a new generation 4*4 drive lightweight chassis, compared to the 6*6 drive SX2150 SUV, the new chassis was smaller in size, lighter in weight, more suitable for remote delivery, and better in battle\/strategic maneuverability. The 122-mm vehicle-mounted howitzers are mainly equipped with Army light synthetic brigades to carry out mobile combat missions, with enhanced operational\/strategic maneuverability requirements.

  新一代122毫米车载榴弹炮还有一个明显变化就是火炮射击范围增加。火炮向前的时候也能够射击,为此火炮可能采用了液压悬挂自动升降系统,09式车载榴弹炮没有这个设计,只能后向设计射击范围受到限制,灵活性较差。新一代车载榴弹炮似乎也设计了半自动输弹装备,可以在任意角度下装填炮弹,提高火炮射速。数字化、信息化是新一代国产火炮最闪亮特点,新一代车载122毫米榴弹炮也不例外,它应该和国产155毫米车载榴弹炮一样,采用了惯导系统、卫星导航定位接收机、数字化信息终端。系统能够自动定位、定向,可以通过数据链接收上级和友邻发送来的目标信息,,自动火控解算,自动操炮,火力反应时间大为增强,联合作战能力提高,具备首群覆盖和多发同时着地能力。

Another notable change in the new generation of 122-mm vehicle-borne howitzers is the increase in artillery firing range. The gun can also be fired when it is forward, for which the gun may have adopted a hydraulic suspension automatic lifting system, and the 09-car-mounted howitzer does not have this design, only the range of backward design firing is limited, and the flexibility is poor. A new generation of vehicle-borne howitzers also appear to have designed semi-automatic projectile delivery equipment, which can be filled at any angle to increase artillery firing speed. Digitization and informationization are the most shiny features of the new generation of domestic artillery, and the new generation of vehicle-mounted 122-mm howitzer is no exception. It should adopt the inertial navigation system, satellite navigation and positioning receiver, and digital information terminal as well as the domestic 155-mm vehicle-mounted howitzer. The system can automatically locate and orient, receive the target information sent by the superior and friendly neighbors through the data chain, solve the fire control automatically, operate the gun automatically, the fire response time is greatly enhanced, the joint combat ability is improved, and the first group coverage and multiple simultaneous landing ability are available.

  从整体上来讲,国产新一代122毫米榴弹炮应该采用了国产155毫米车载榴弹炮技术成果,整体战术技术指标优于09式车载榴弹炮,预计它将替代后者,成为陆军轻型合成旅主战装备。

On the whole, a new generation of domestic 122-mm howitzers should adopt domestic 155-mm vehicle-borne howitzer technology, the overall tactical technical index is better than the 09 vehicle-borne howitzer, it is expected to replace the latter as the army light synthetic brigade main combat equipment.


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